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Traffic regulations for cyclists

meisje fiets
Cyclists have to keep the right side of the road. When there is a 2-way cycle lane: Also keep the right side. There will be oncoming cyclists.
When you stop: Do it on the right side of the road or cycle path!
This means a compulsary cycle path.
bord rond
This means an optional cycle path. It's  recommended that you cycle here.
You are not allowed to cycle on the pavement or through pedistrian areas.
It is compulsory to indicate with handsignals which directory you want to turn:
Right turn: Extend your right arm straight out to the right, horizontally. Left turn: Extend your left arm straight out to the left, horizontally.
Also look over your shoulder to check if there is any traffic is coming from behind. You can also stop and get of your bike and then look if there is any traffic. 
Is there a red traffic light? You have to stop. There is one exeption: When you see a blue sign: “rechtsaf voor fietsers vrij”, you can make a right turn when the traffic light is red (see photo). Watch out for pedestrians crossing the road! They have the right of way.
rechts vrij 1
rechts vrij 2
You are allowed to cycle two abreast, but you have to make room for other traffic when necessary. Then you have to move to the right side.
It is not compulsory to wear a helmet when you are biking. For your own safety it is recommended.
It is not allowed to cycle under the influence of alcohol, drugs or medication.
Holding or operating any mobile electronic device is illegal! So when you want to make a picture, you have to get of of your bike!
It is compulsory to hold your handlebars with at least one hand while you are cycling.
Sometimes you see the roadsign below: It says “uitgezonderd”, which means “exept for”. It is often used in combination with a variety of other roadsigns.
voorboden inrijden
In Holland cyclists are never allowed on main roads. You have to use the seperate cyclingpath parallel to the mainroad. This is a compulsatory cyclingpath.